What are the Most Common Mental Disorders?
As you may or may not be aware, mental illness is one of the most predominant illnesses affecting people around the world. A mental illness is a type of medical condition that limits one’s ability to function and take on daily tasks. Knowing the most common mental disorders can help you better understand how it affects the lives of many.
The most common mental disorders don’t just affect those of a particular race, age or gender, as people of all categories get affected. There are several different factors that can cause one to experience one or more of the most common mental disorders. The effects can be either very mild or highly severe and fortunately, there are treatments and therapy available for all levels of severity.
The following are the most common mental disorders affecting people in our community. Due to their severity, a few of these conditions can be considered psychological disorders.
- Mood Disorders – This particular mental illness is often seen among those who are single and without a life partner for much of their lives. Those with mood disorders will often go from a state of being very satisfied with life to very dissatisfied, within a matter of minutes. Major depression is also very closely linked to mood disorders.
- Personality Disorders – As humans, we have a set of personality traits that we’re accustomed to following. However, those with antisocial or borderline personality disorders will often have difficulty following the rules of society or maintaining relationships with others. These traits can significantly impair one’s ability to take on daily tasks in life.
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – Often referred to as ADHD, it is one of the most common mental disorders affecting people from a young age. Those with this condition will always be very active and have a hard time sitting down in one place and focusing.
- Phobias – Phobias are also considered to be one of the most common mental disorders, as they make it hard for some to go about their daily life. Whether it’s a social anxiety disorder or a particular phobia, it can really make it hard for some to tackle the obstacles of life. A few phobias result in fainting or vomiting. Anxiety disorders can also include Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder.
- Panic Disorder – Fear can cause panic disorders resulting in elevated heart beats, chest pain and terror, shortness of breath, sweatiness and weakness. A panic attack can be a very real and traumatic experience and is commonly known to affect more women than men. Through therapy and medications, panic disorders can be treated.
- Bipolar Disorder – A type of mood disorder that can range from very severe to very mild is often times known as bipolar disorder. If not treated accordingly, it can cause complications within relationships and could even damage a family’s unity. Those in school can experience the symptoms dramatically during stressful periods, such as before examinations.
- Schizophrenia – With symptoms including emotional flatness, hallucinations, delusions and catatonic behaviour, schizophrenia is also one of the most common mental disorders affecting both men and women equally. Those with this condition will often times hear voices, see things and experience thoughts that are not real and occurring.
The list of mental disorders listed above is a few of the most commonly diagnosed amongst both men and women of all ages. Being aware of the different mental disorders and symptoms can be quite beneficial for you and your family to understand specific symptoms. Fortunately, there are several treatment options available for those with mental disorders.